|0 TO 6 MONTHS||RECTAL OR AXILLARY (FOR SCREENING LOW RISK CHILDREN)|
|6 MONTHS TO 2 YEARS||AXILLARY OR RECTAL|
|2 YEARS TO 5 YEARS||AXILLARY OR RECTAL (OR TEMPORAL ARTERY IF IN HOSPITAL) (SCREENING)|
|> 5 YEARS||ORAL (DEFINITIVE), AXILLARY, TYMPANIC (OR TEMPORAL IF IN HOSPITAL) (SCREENING)|
The most accurate thermometer is digital thermometer.
Eardrum thermometer is good for quick screening. Whereas the forehead strip, infrared emitting detectors etc. are comparatively less reliable.
The primary goals of treating a fever are the following:
Retardation of bacterial or viral growth, proliferation of t lymphocytes, production of neutrophils, and elicit acute phase reaction. Limited data shows that not treating a viral fever may actually help in shortening the course of fever, as the high temperature may kill the viruses.
|START ANTIPYRETICS EVEN IF THE FEVER IS < 100°F||NOT NECESSARY|
|SHOULD WAKE UP THE CHILD FOR THE MEDICATION||NOT NECESSARY. SLEEP IS NECESSERY FOR RECOVERY.|
|THE DRUG DOSAGE IS TOO MUCH OR TOO LITTLE (50% OF THE PARENTS). SUPRANORMAL DOSES (15% OF THE PARENTS)||THE DRUG DOSAGE SHOULD BE DETERMINED BASED ON THE WEIGHT OF THE CHILD. AN ACCURATE MEASURING OF THE DRUG IS IMPORTANT.|
Hyperthermia is a condition where the body temp. rises, since the outside temp is too much for the body ‘s cooling system to manage. There is a greater possibility of getting a heat stroke when temperature is too high, as it is beyond the body’s capacity to dissipate heat.